How Speech-Language Pathologists Can Help With Common Speech Disorders

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) help people with communication disorders improve their speaking, listening and reading ability. They help with stuttering, dysarthria, autism spectrum disorder and other speech difficulties.

They also work with children with various developmental disorders and learning disabilities, helping them develop communication skills and self-expression. They work with children on a one-on-one basis or in small groups.

Voice Disorders

Voice disorders are a wide range of conditions that affect the vocal tract and vocal cords. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including misuse or overuse, allergies and sinus infections, or as a result of a neurological condition.

Symptoms of voice disorders can include hoarseness, throat pain and difficulty being heard in group settings. Voice disorders are often temporary and can be relieved by resting your voice and drinking lots of water.

Speech pathologists from speech pathology in Adelaide are trained to evaluate and treat several common speech and voice disorders, including those that can lead to hoarseness and other problems with your voice. They can help you learn how to use your voice more effectively and avoid problems in the future.

Functional voice disorders are usually caused by vocal misuse or abuse and can include poor muscle functioning, dysphonia or a lack of pitch control. They can also result from behavioural health pathology, such as anxiety or depression.


Stuttering is a common speech disorder affecting children, teens and adults. It can be very frustrating and embarrassing to suffer from this fluency disorder, but effective treatments can help you deal with stuttering and improve your speech skills.

People who stutter may repeat words or parts of words (li-li), prolong certain speech sounds, or have abnormal stops that prevent them from saying certain sounds. These symptoms can be difficult for them to control and cause them to look tense or out of breath while talking.

There are many causes of stuttering, including developmental delays in speech and language skills. It can also be caused by emotional trauma, such as depression or anxiety.

A speech pathologist can make a diagnosis and determine whether treatment is needed. They can also recommend therapy to help the individual learn to use their voice more effectively.


Aphasia is a rare condition that causes a person to lose their ability to speak or understand others’ words. It typically occurs after a stroke or brain injury that has damaged areas of the brain that control language.

Speech pathologists are medical professionals trained to help people with aphasia and other speech disorders. They study and treat conditions such as developmental delays, stroke, brain injuries, learning disabilities, hearing loss, stuttering and other problems that affect how a person communicates.

A therapist can work with a person with aphasia to help them use spoken and written language more effectively. They can also teach the person alternative ways to communicate.

Aphasia is a serious condition that can impact someone’s quality of life. It can be frustrating and upsetting, but you can help your loved one find a way to live with their disability by being understanding and patient. You can also try to find support groups, whether in-person or online, that are designed to connect people with aphasia.


Dysarthria is a common speech disorder that can impact communication. It may be caused by a stroke, traumatic brain injury, or an underlying condition, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

A speech pathologist can help with dysarthria by teaching strategies to speak louder and use more breath. They can also teach you how to talk clearly so that people can understand what you say.

They may recommend exercises to strengthen your speech muscles and control how quickly you speak. They can also work with you and your family to improve your communication.

Depending on the cause of your dysarthria, a speech pathologist may recommend medication, surgery or other treatments. They can also suggest other ways to help you talk and be understood, such as using sign language or a picture board.

It can be difficult to understand others with dysarthria because your speech sounds slurred, slow or choppy. It can make social situations more challenging and lead to depression in some people.

To diagnose dysarthria, a speech-language pathologist must perform several examinations and tests. These include evaluating how well you move your lips, tongue and facial muscles. They can also test your vocal quality and breathing.