How to Master Essay for UPSC Main Exam?

How to Master Essay for UPSC Main Exam?

So, in this blog, we will discuss some tips with the help of which you can create an essay that will help you stand out from the competition.

Preparation for the Essay

A. Familiarize Yourself with the Format

To fully study for the essay portion of the UPSC mains paper pattern, you must become familiar with the essay format. The essay must be written in an understandable and direct style. It should be logically organized and provide a solution to the question posed.

To bolster your point, the essay should also contain supporting details. Additionally, make sure to punctuate and utilize proper grammar. You can start composing essays once you have a solid comprehension of the format.

B. Practice Writing Essays

Essay writing requires rehearsal to become proficient. To practice writing essays, look for essay topics that are applicable to the UPSC main test. Then, post your response. Be sure to support your claims with facts in addition to referencing the sources you used.

Make sure you punctuate and use proper grammar. Practice writing within the allowed time limit as well. On Physics Wallah, a website dedicated to online education for candidates preparing for competitive exams, you may find example essay topics for the UPSC exam.

Developing Essay Writing Skills

A. Improve Your Vocabulary

The UPSC main test has an essay component that is significant. Possessing a strong grasp of language and a broad vocabulary is essential for writing an essay well. Your ability to write essays will significantly increase by expanding your vocabulary.

Reading a lot and making notes of words and phrases that interest you will help you achieve this. To help you remember terms better, you can also check up their definitions in a dictionary and employ them in phrases.

B. Read Widely

A key skill for developing your essay writing abilities for the UPSC main test is reading widely. Reading books, periodicals, newspapers, and other resources regarding the subjects you intend to write about should be your main focus.

You’ll get a deeper comprehension of the subjects and be better able to establish your own opinions as a result. Reading broadly will also help you develop your writing style and vocabulary. You will learn information and concepts that you may apply to your essays as well.

C. Develop Your Writing Style

Writing style development is a crucial component of UPSC main exam preparation. Aspirants should work to find their own distinctive voice and be able to articulate their thoughts clearly and effectively.

Regular practice, as well as extensive and critical reading, can help writers enhance their writing style. Aspiring authors should also be mindful of the format, language, and organization of their works.

By investing the time necessary in learning about various writing techniques and comprehending the numerous elements of a superb essay, aspirants can develop their own unique writing style.

Tips for Writing the Essay

A. Understand the Question

Understanding the question is the first stage in drafting an essay for the UPSC main test. Recognize the underlying message and the kind of response needed. Try to provide a well-structured response after thoroughly reading the question.

Think about how the language and ideas in the question might have influenced your answer. Consider the essay’s scope when you respond to ensure that it is pertinent and addresses the question.

B. Brainstorm Ideas

When you’ve fully understood the question, utilize your creativity. Brainstorming is a fantastic method for coming up with ideas and formulating a plan. Start by listing all the ideas that come to mind.

You can assist yourself visualize your ideas by using mind maps or other graphical techniques. Consider the points you wish to make in your essay once you have a solid list of topics.

Organize your ideas logically by thinking through the evidence you’ll use to back them up. You can use this to make your essay’s structure very obvious.

C. Structure Your Essay

It can be difficult to write essays for the UPSC main examination. It’s crucial to format your essay so that it is clear to the reader and interesting. Outline the main ideas and arguments you will be presenting in the start to your essay.

A body of writing that further develops the points should come after this. A summary of your main arguments and a concluding statement or opinion should be included in your essay’s conclusion.

Divide your essay into paragraphs and underline distinct areas with subheadings to make it easier to read. The reader will find it simpler to follow your argument and distinguish the key points as a result.

D. Pay Attention to Language

Your essay’s language choice is crucial as well. Slang and colloquialisms should be avoided in favour of proper discourse. Additionally, use language suitable to the subject.

Use terminology suited for the era, for instance, if you are talking about a historical event. Additionally, your essay should be brief. When shorter, simpler terms would suffice; avoid employing long, complex words.

Additionally, if possible, utilize active voice rather than passive. By doing so, you will improve the readability of your essay and prevent reader boredom.


It is obvious that mastering the essay portion of the UPSC main test demands effort and commitment. One must be conversant with the UPSC Indian Engineering Services exam pattern, comprehend the subjects being tested, and practice essay writing in order to pass the exam. One can succeed on the UPSC main exam with the appropriate preparation and dedication.


Q1. What amount of time should I set aside to perfecting essays for the UPSC main exam?

A1. It is advised to put in at least 5–6 hours per week to acquire the required information and skills.

Q2. What subjects should I concentrate on when perfecting my essays for the UPSC main exam?

A2. It’s critical to comprehend the UPSC main exam curriculum and concentrate on the themes that apply to the test. Current events, political issues, economic concerns, social issues, and international issues are among the subjects that are frequently covered in exams.